Saturday, May 23, 2020
THE WORLD BANK AND IMF - HIPC International Monetary Fund and The World Bank, though has a good purpose of their existence, they have come under lots of criticisms as to how they use the leverage of being in a position of helping poor countries to either recover from economic collapse or give them debt relief and economic boost from loans they give out to them to impose policies and condition that those poor countries has to implement. These loan conditions and policies structured by these international financial power institutions are geared towards moving resources from the poor countries to the rich western countries. The end result is creating a situation where the poor countries sunk into more economic suicidal condition in whichÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In order to rebuild Europe after a devastation second world war, common sense would tell you that the institutions would not like to deplete its resources. So the question of exploiting loan seekers or poor countries who later became part of the countri es seeking financial help from the world bank and the IMF. The main function of the International Monetary Fund according to IMF fact sheet (2016, March 23) Ã¢â¬Å"To ensure the stability of the international monetary systemÃ¢â¬âthe system of exchange rates and international payments that enables countries (and their citizens) to transact with each otherÃ¢â¬ . Simply put, the organization beginning with 44 countries and now 189, has one aim, to make sure there is a global or international stability in the world economy by monitoring resources and exchange rates across goods and services trading among member countries and ensuring that there would not be an economic collapse in respective member countries. Same IMF factsheet do more elaborating on their term surveillance as stated as Ã¢â¬Å"To maintain stability and prevent crises in the international
Monday, May 18, 2020
In the present, science has grown to become a great role in our lives. From gravity to cloning, we can attribute many ordinary things in life that we know and understand now to science. Physicists are the ones who study the structure of matter, space and time. An example of a physicist would be Einstein or Newton. This paper will discuss the education necessary to become a physicist, the skills that physicists need, the earnings and the benefits/risks of the job, and my qualifications. The education of a physicist start can start at any age, though it focuses primarily in high school and up. All that one needs is creativity and curiosity to be devoted to their pathway, which can be obtained as a imaginative child. From there, Dr. MichioÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Though this doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean that math is unnecessary. Being a physicist requires some mathematical knowledge, specifically centered around Calculus. Along the way, more science preparation may assist an upcoming physicist, from lab experiments to spectating a research facility. Not everything a physicist does is incredibly complicated from the start. As Einstein said, Ã¢â¬Å"Behind every great theory, there is a simple physical picture that even lay people can understand. If a theory does not have a simple underlying picture, then the theory is probably worthlessÃ¢â¬ . This means that everything worth studying is not difficult enough so that anyone should be discouraged from becoming a physicist. That being said, the focus of job skills for a physicist lies in the commitment to stick with the research and studies. Depending on the skill level of each unique physicist, physicists can make anywhere from a fair amount of money to no money at all. As Michio Kaku says: Physicists do not become scientists for the money, so I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to downplay the financial problems that you may face. In fact, many superstring theorists who could not get faculty jobs went to Wall Street (where they were incorrectly called Ã¢â¬Å"rocket scientistsÃ¢â¬ ). This may mean leaving the field. (2) On one hand, 90% of physicists make roughly $106,440 a year, with a rate of $51.17 per hour (Ã¢â¬Å"SalaryÃ¢â¬ Show MoreRelatedBecoming a Physicist837 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesthe present, science has grown to become a great role in our lives. We can attribute many ordinary things in life that we know now to science. Physicists are the ones that study the structure of matter, space and time. An example of a physicist would be Einstein, or Newton. This paper will discuss the education necessary to become a physicist, the skills that physicists need, and the earnings, as well as the benefits/risks of the job. The education of a physicist starts young. At any age, one requiresRead MoreIf You Are Interested in Marine Biology773 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesclasses; but you will also need a fantastic understanding of science in general. You will need to take classes such as chemistry and physics. Mathematics will also be required, at least up to calculus. Typing skills will also be necessary in the career, computer, and technical/electrical skills would also be helpful for this field (Becoming a Marine Biologist). Being a marine biologist, does not just revolve around one certain job. There are several different work positions you can undergo. As aRead MorePoverty in Latin America1502 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Poverty, or the inability to afford basic human needs, is an issue that is spread worldwide. There are people everywhere who cannot afford shelter, food, healthcare, or education. It seems easy enough to ignore the bum asking for change on the street, but it becomes near impossible in regions where whole families are begging on the street. This rings true in Latin America and it is extremely frustrating to see social inequality this extreme. This essay will examine how much poverty exists inRead MoreThe Infinite Stupidity of Humans and the Universe Essay2754 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesuniverse and human stupidity, and IÃ¢â¬â¢m not sure about the formerÃ¢â¬ Albert Einstein. The career of astrophysics is a complex one, because of the kind of research that is involved. The research will describe the career of astrophysics, what is required to become a successful astrophysicists and the impact this career has on society. The study of astronomy and physics begins with the ancient Greeks. Their view was that the Earth was the center of the universe. It wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until the Renaissance when a few inRead MoreQuestions On Increasing Disciplinary Reading986 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages1. Increasing Disciplinary Reading Biancarosa (2012) states in the introduction to this section that as students progress up through the grades their reading in content-area courses becomes progressively more distinct (p. 47). A student in a fourth grade science course will encounter different terminology in a fourth grade social studies course and even more diverse terminology by the time they reach high school biology. However, I have often found, and Biancarosa (2012) as acknowledges that manyRead MoreEssay on Impact of Technology on Society941 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessociety has become too dependent on technology. The more advanced technology becomes, the more it seems to be gaining control over our lives. Even though technology is offering society many beneficial qualities; it also is causing many negative effects to occur. Technology is affecting society socially, mentally, and physically. One point addressed throughout each article was how technology has affected society socially. Technology has contributed to societyÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of social skills, social interactionRead MoreWhy Is Education Important For Developing A Permanent Culture? Essay1655 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages/ 20120639 Report about Education 1.1- Introduction page 3 1.2- Basic Definition page 4 1.3- Where does education take place ? page 5 2- Education within a social and cultural context page 6.7 2.1- Why is education important for developing a permanent culture page 8,9,10 2.2- Self-directed learning page 11 3- Conclusion of education Read MoreThe Nurse s Performance During Their Handoff Report Essay881 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinvolved in their care. As the healthcare industry has become more of a patient-centered, the hospitals are participating in a publicly reported government HCAHPS survey- a composite scale score that measure patientÃ¢â¬â¢s hospital experience through a metric satisfaction survey. An effective handoff is critical when transferring any medical information of a patientÃ¢â¬â¢s continuity of care from one nurse to another. According to the Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality: Ã¢â¬Å"all health professionals shouldRead MoreGraduation Speech : College Education1326 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesA decade or two ago, a college education was considered more so a privilege rather than a choice. Today, our society takes education for granted by opting out of it because of the expenses, the stress and many other reasons that comes with going to sc hool. Is a college education still worth having? Arguments will continually arise that it is no longer needed to be successful in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world. However, research and statistics continually prove that having one will remain far more beneficial than notRead MoreThe Pros And Cons Of Visas In Australia1057 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescould not find an Australian citizen to do the work (The Australian, April 18, 2017). Earlier this year in April, Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull announced the government will abolish 457 visas which will be replaced with a completely new Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) visa in March next year which is essentially a refurbished version of its twenty year standing predecessor. Some key reforms as listed by the Department of Immigration and Border Protection include: -a requirement for visa applicants
Tuesday, May 12, 2020
Sampson Phillips American History/SRP Mr. Smith 1/1/16 The Atomic Bombs On December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a bombing attack on the American naval base in Pearl Harbor. This attack on the U.S. brought America into World War II. One Japanese general commented Ã¢â¬Å"I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve.Ã¢â¬ (Yamamoto) JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s surprise attack on the U.S. created a much larger enemy than they intended. After the attack the U.S. embarked on a bloody and hard fought campaign through the pacific, which ultimately led to the Dropping of two atomic bombs and the surrender of Japan. Although many lives were lost the American decision to drop the bombs was justified because it ended the war quickly, saved american lives, and showed the world the power of the U.S. The Pacific War was a long and drawn out process that was moving very slowly for the United States, was struggling to pull off any major naval victory and from the mistakes made of the U.S. basically leaving the Japanese unattended whi le they were fighting the Germans in Europe. The American decision to drop the Bombs was justified because the U.S. wanted to end the war quickly and not to have a costly invasion of the Japanese Homeland as well as showing power to the world. Truman wanted to end the war as fast as he could because we had been in conflict for 4 years now and the American forces were very weary and tired of war, the U.S. dropped it for the other reason ofShow MoreRelatedThe Atomic Bomb Of The United States Essay1748 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe detonation of the first atomic bomb took place near Los Alamos, New Mexico. This atomic bomb testing would forever change the meaning of war. As the atomic bomb was detonated it sent shock-waves all over the world. There was endless research done on the bomb in the United States. The research was called The Manhattan Engineer District Project but it was more commonly known as The Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project was brought by fear of Germany and its atomic research. On account of theRead MoreThe Atomic Bomb Of The United States2000 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesIn 1939, when it was discovered that Germany had the technology to produce a weapon of mass destruction, the United States was determined that they would not fall trap to the NaziÃ¢â¬â¢s reign. World renowned scientists gathered together and by 1941, the secret project to produce an atomic bomb was given the code name the Manhattan Project. Nobody expected this weapon to be so powerful, but this secret weapon had a lasting impact that changed the course of history. The Manhattan Project was ultimatelyRead MoreThe Atomic Bomb Of The United States1610 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages It was the morning of July 16, 1945, a countdown for the detonation of the first atomic bomb took place near Los Alamos, New Mexico. The atomic bomb testing would forever change the meaning of war. However, the atomic bomb was detonated and it sent shock-waves all over the world. There was much research to be done on the bomb in the United States. The research was called Ã¢â¬Å"The Manhattan Engineer District ProjectÃ¢â¬ but it was known as The Manhattan Project. With the issues of theRead MoreThe Atomic Bomb Of The United States1358 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Ã¢â¬Å" The atom bomb was no Ã¢â¬Ëgreat decision.Ã¢â¬â¢ It was merely another powerful weapon in the arsenal of righteousness.Ã¢â¬ This quote was said by Harry S. Truman the first President who used an atomic bomb. The program that was able to create this monstrous power was known as the Manhattan Project. Creating this weapon was their main priority. The United States was in the midst of World War 2. The atomic bomb is considered to be the main factor that ended that war. It was a race against the multiple enemiesRead MoreAtomic Bomb On The United States866 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdevelope a weapon, using nuclear power that could be used against enemies of the United States. President Roosevelt felt the need to reach this landmark before any other conuntry beat the United States to it. Having this type of weapon would also help establish the country as powerful and more adva nced than others. When President Roosevelt unfourtuantly died on April 12, I, Harry Turman, became President of the United States and overseen this project. In July of 1945 the project produced a weapon so powerfulRead MoreThe First Atomic Bomb Of The United States1249 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRoosevelt asked the United States congress to declare war on Japan. Three days later, after the United States turned its attention to Germany and Italy, the two countries declared war on the United States, which the President and Congress freely agreed to. After two years of continuous fighting in the second World War, America had finally joined (Ã¢â¬Å"Pearl HarborÃ¢â¬ ). Two years before America even joined World War II, Albert Einstein, a German physicist, warned the United States of GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s threatRead MoreAtomic Bombs On Hiroshima, Japan, And The United States1202 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAugust 6th 1945, the United States dropped the first of two atomic bombs on Hiroshima, Japan. World War Two was practically over, but Japan and the United States werenÃ¢â¬â¢t getting along due to Japan bombing Pearl Harbor. The President of the United States (Truman) and U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill Issued the Potsdam Declaration which was the declaration that was put on the table for Japan after Germany had surrendered. Earlier in the war we had been putting together atomic weapons in case theRead MoreWhy The United States Should Use Atomic Bombs966 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe United States decision to use atomic bombs to end the war appeared to be the saving grace for the American people. Once World War II came to an end as a result of the bom bings of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, however, the eyes of Americans were opened to the possibility that what they viewed as salvation for their country could be equated with the evils committed by the Axis powers. For example, many trials were held against German men that were a part of the Nazi operation thatRead MoreThe Atomic Bomb : A Significant Period Of Time That Molds The United States980 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Atomic Bomb in Japan President Truman, decision over booming Japan is a significant period of time that molds the United States. The crucial decision that was made on August of 1945, brought World War II to an end. While bringing the WWII to an end, it attracted a lot of debates over the use of the atomic bombs in the war. Even though the WWII has ended decades ago debates still lingers to this point. Having people in both sides of the debates, makes people wonder if the use of the first atomicRead MoreWhy the United States Dropped the Atomic Bomb: Persuasive Essay1259 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe atomic bomb is the subject of much controversy. Since its first detonation in 1945, the entire world has heard the aftershocks of that blast. Issues concerning Nuclear Weapons sparked the Cold War. We also have the atomic bomb to thank for our relative peace in this time due to the fear of Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD). The effects of the atomic bomb might not have been the exact effects that the United State s was looking for when they dropped Little Boy and Fat Man on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Thomas Borstelmann scrutinizes the international extent of American cultural attitudes while skillfully demonstrating the remuneration of viewing domestic history in a universal framework. He brilliantly demonstrated the extensive impact of civil rights movements on domestic and international developments on the issue of race, which had a tremendous implication on U.S. foreign relations. His thorough understanding of American racial and cultural history makes him an exceptional authority on race relations of Presidents Harry S. Truman to George H. Bush. Arguably, the struggle against racial prejudices and against apartheid in South Africa, was one of immense struggle, and had a tremendous impact on U.S. foreign relations with thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The issue for the U.S. was therefore how to approach this issue, whilst at the same time trying to contain the dangers of Communism in these new independent states. Arguably, most of the earlier administrations from Truman to Nixon did hardly anything to end the racial inequities in Rhodesia and South Africa. It is thus no wonder that many African Americans were angry at the inept approach of past administration to bring about change in the former colonial countries. Indeed, one must give credit where it is due, and Borstelman suggested that Truman did assemble a Presidential Committee on Civil Rights in late 1946, but this was most a disguise to find off his lack of willpower to intervene politically. Although the committee understood the seriousness of the issue by concluding that Ã¢â¬Å"Our domestic civil rights shortcomings are a serious obstacleÃ¢â¬ to American leadership in the world. (59). This statement along highlights that importance of the race issue, but in the minds of all African Americans the priorities of the Cold War was much more important. For much of the Cold War, the U.S. thus took on a policy of containment, but failed to end white supremacy rule in Rhodesia and South Africa. Bu t even its former colonial leader Great Britain recognized both governments and did little to ends the racial injustice taking place. But despite lip support from President Kennedy when heShow MoreRelatedAmbassadors in Pinstripes Essays826 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesReview of Ambassadors in Pinstripes: The Spalding World Baseball Tour and the Birth of the American Empire Thomas Zeiler, the author of Ambassadors in Pinstripes: the Spalding World Baseball Tour and the Birth of the American Empire, entertains and enlightens the reader through a descriptive journey of Albert SpaldingÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts to introduce a World Baseball Tour. The bulk of ZeilerÃ¢â¬â¢s book is based off of periodicals, newspapers, magazines, and guides; which serves as the groundwork for his bookRead MoreOverview of American History Since Civil War1235 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesStates. Another historical turning point is the votes for women in relation to the 19th amendment in 1917. These historical turning points played critical role in shaping the interactions, economic, social, and political developments in the United States (ODonnell, 2011). Analyze the impact of the two (2) or more major historical turning points selected on Americas current society, economy, politics, and culture. The right to vote by women in accordance with the 19th amendment had great influenceRead MoreThe Influene of World War II on the Social Norm and Art Movements of America1779 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOnce World War II ended, it was like large weight had been lifted of the shoulders of not only the American people. In light of the heavy tole that this war, a preceding depression the nation was ready for a time of peace. The decade after this era stood in contrast, with numerous riots and turbulence due to major social changes. Because of this major contrast in two adjacent decades in history, many historians have come to conclusion that the fifties were a time of conformity, and collectednessRead MoreMovie Analysis : Harry M. Benshoff And Sean Griffin1177 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHarry M. Benshoff and Sean Griffin provide detailed insight into the relationship between gender and film in their book America on Film: Representing Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality at the Movies. As a result of their investigation into the role of the female in the film industry, they assert, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦film texts reinscribing dominant [gender role] ideology usually sell more tickets than those critiquing itÃ¢â¬ ¦because the industry itself is still mostly controlled by (white) menÃ¢â¬ (p. 611). In addition,Read MoreTheatre As A Cultural Expression For Societys Theatrical Tradition1390 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdifferences within as well as between national cultures, and to Ã¢â¬Ëproduce the experience of differenceÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Knowles, 2010, p. 31). Like any other art form, theatre is often a cultural expression for societies around the world. Indeed, most cultures have their own theatrical traditions -- AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s theatrical tradition is the musical, PragueÃ¢â¬â¢s theatrical tradition is the Black Light theatre, and JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s theatrical tradition is Noh theatre, to name a few. However, of all art forms, theatre has been the artRead MoreRacism And Loss Of Inno cence1428 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesScout evolves out of prejudice of the Cunningham lifestyle, Aunt Alexandra is not able to change her perspective; she believes that interacting with the Cunningham will affect the behaviour and way of thinking of Jem and scout; Aunt Alexandra plays a role of a character who believes in that the past ancestral history is what builds a family s reputation and status in the community. Where as the Cunningham are mostly illiterate farmers who live in poverty and on the other hand, the Finch are literateRead MoreRedefining Gender Roles Of A Streetcar Named Desire1605 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOscar Madera Dr. Amaya-Anderson ENGL 103 8 May 2016 Dissecting Gender Roles in A Streetcar Named Desire The representation of gender roles is among the most prominent recurring subjects in theatre, literature and expressive art as we know it. Gender, and what it means to human beings, is a subject that is as difficult to precisely define as death, race, and the concept of existence. Anne Beall, Ph.D. graduate in Social Psychology at Yale University, details in her book The Psychology of Gender thatRead MoreCultural Background Of Hispanic Ethnicity1313 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesfamiliesÃ¢â¬â¢ ethnic identity at the same time. Since they had limited economic opportunities and had to face racial discrimination they were able to use sports as a refuge from the grim realities of the society. They used the field of sports to negotiate race relations, nationalism and citizenship. Sport was an arena that they could use to learn how to behave according to societal gender norms. Even for female athletes sports arenas provided the space to achieve gender equality, something that could neverRead Mo re Sociology of Racial and Cultural Groups Essay1431 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmembers of the society agree upon and work together to achieve what is best for society as a whole. The social structure consists of status positions, roles and institutions (family, education and religion), and members that share common values. It is a system of interrelated and independent parts, and each of these parts plays an important role in fulfilling certain functions for a smooth operation of society. Functionalists think that all elements of society should function together to maintainRead MoreThe Diversity Of The Media1418 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesmust grow with us; our country is encapsulated in sites such as Twitter and Facebook and we hold access to millions of channels on the television. My generation has the world at our fingertips and with that comes knowledge, discussion, and awareness. A common dispute among my peers is the lack of representation of different races and orientations in our white-washed heterosexual cisgender media. Thousands have spoken on this issue, taking different approaches and bringing different examples to discuss
The Impact of American Health Insurance System on SocietyÃ¢â¬â¢s Development The American healthcare system since the 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s had been undergoing issues and problems that remains unsolved and unanswered. According to World Health Organization, for the year 2000, US have been the top country when it comes to responsiveness and expenditures, what is puzzling however, is that the country only ranked 37th in overall performance and 72nd when it comes to the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s level of health. The US is the only developed country, except for South Africa, who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t provide all its citizens the health care that they need. We will write a custom essay sample on American Health Insurance or any similar topic only for you Order Now Furthermore, the uniqueness of this system that differentiates it from the world is the dominance of the private element over the public element. To start of, in 2003 only 15% of the non-elderly AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s populace were insured in public programs while 67% and 18% were insured in a private health insurance and uninsured respectively (Kao Ching Pua 2006). There are mainly 2 types of programs in the public insurance the Medicare and the Medicaid. Medicare is a federal program that covers individuals aged 65 and over, as well as some disabled individuals. It is a single-payer program administered by the government (the only entity to perform the insurance function of reimbursement). Medicare and Medicaid are financed by federal income taxes, a payroll tax shared by employers and employees, and individual enrollee premiums. Another program of the government is the Medicaid program that is deigned for the low-income and disabled. In the Private Insurance Sector there is the employer-sponsored insurance and the Private non-group or the individual market. Employer-sponsored insurance represents the main way in which Americans receive health insurance. Employers provide health insurance as part of the benefits package for employees while it also varies widely. In another note, the individual market covers part of the population that is self-employed or retired, as well as those who are unable to obtain through employment. Unlike the employer-sponsored insurance, the individual market allows health insurance companies to deny people coverage based on pre-existing conditions (Kao Ching Pua 2006). The emergence of American Insurance System is like a double-edged sword that can either have positive and negative effects on societyÃ¢â¬â¢s development. If by far that the insurance program is discriminating in its clients by means that it incurs more than it gives out, then by all means it will simply deter the progress that the society aims for. If a well Ã¢â¬âorganized and efficient American Insurance system is carried out, then more satisfied Americans can go on living, having enough stamina and vigor to face the daily challenges ahead which in turn will be good for the economy. The Three Key Initiatives: 1. The Need for better Access and Coverage Issue Nagging issues such as inefficiency and failure in access to health care delivery system have taken root. In 2004, 45. 8 million Americans were uninsured (US Census Bureau) and expected to rise accordingly by 50 million in the next decade to come. Between 2000 and 2004 alone, the number of the uninsured had increased to 5. 8 million and among them was low-income families and the working middle class (Serber and Gauthler, 2005). The Degree of Risk The risk that in may turn be involved will be the emergence of dishonest and hoaxed companies thatÃ¢â¬â¢s only goal is to benefit. It can be prevented if the government can steer hold of these from happening so a fair and competitive business can occur where one can mutually benefit with each other. The Internal and External Environmental Strengths and Weaknesses In which case, the government should step up by expanding their public insurance programs so that they can reach those who have low incomes and those who canÃ¢â¬â¢t access in ones due to inappropriateness or lack of credentials. It will be the lack of support and initiative from the government should the case be if ever disadvantages might hold. The Ability of the Organization to Respond to Risks The risks can be minimized if the government can strengthen or devise new laws in which it will create positive effects or support the said initiative. Willingness to Commit to Organizational Enhancement A number of private insurances had been emerging that promises better deals and coverage so that lessening the rate of the uninsured may come in due time. These insurance companies have notice the growing dissatisfaction of the American society and are now currently devising well-developed proposals that can answer to the growing demand. The search for a better proposal as one insurance company competes with the other will improve the system that we have today. The Barriers to Organizational Effectiveness There incurs more expenses in medical fees because individuals themselves are hesitant to approach medical care due to the amount of money he will lose without thinking of the future disadvantages that he might hold. The more a mild condition is prolonged without treatment, the more will the expense of fees he will gain when the condition becomes worse. It is because he is uninsured or underinsured, that he is unable to go for a check-up. The Three Key Initiatives: 2. the Need for a Better health insurance Policy Issue Problems (Serber and Gauthler, 2005) like gaps in insurance coverage makes it difficult for an individual to fill-out prescription, see specialists when warranted, undergo a medical test treatment or simply to seek advice for a medical problem. Administrative costs is what most of where the expenses in healthcare comes from. It is noted that in 24% of the dollars spent on health care go to administrative costs alone. If ever there is poor access and coverage in insurance systems, more people will incur more expense, because he will choose not to go to a hospital when what heÃ¢â¬â¢s feeling is still mild and only decides to when the conditioned that could be prevented earlier comes to worse. The Degree of Risk Policymakers should take into consideration the short-run and long run effects in the implementation or creation of a new policy as well as to extensively study the implications that may affect or contradict to other existing policies, otherwise it will only add up to the burgeoning problems ahead. The Internal and External Environmental Strengths and Weaknesses Government should devise ways in which to control the system so that worse case scenarios can be prevented and see to it that all can avail the program without any disparities or discrimination in income and race. They should be strict with their implementations and policies as well as provide enough space to allow the flow of things to occur and freedom for one to move freely without much fear. The strengthening of policies can discourage evil doings but the lose implementation can lead to the rise of underground economies. Much will be received if much can be given. The Ability of the Organization to Respond Risks USA is one of the most powerful and wealthiest countries in the world. The amount of problems cannot be ignored but to sum it up, the government made a fairly great job in running the country and making a better policy on the health system wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be that much difficult if given attention to. This country is where great minds meet and freedom of thinking is welcomed. Willingness to Commit to Organizational Enhancement With much received attention from the media, scholars and victims of negligent treatments, issues that will pertain on health will be given a solution to, by the government, hopefully. Its mandate after all is to serve the people. The Barriers To Organizational Effectiveness Up to now, some politicians and insurance choose to be blind saying that there is nothing wrong with the health care system, but as years past, it is becoming more and more visible that there is something wrong and unless that problem is acknowledge, then it would never be undone. The Three Key Initiatives: 3. The Need for better Information Dispersion Issue There is a saying that if you want something done, youÃ¢â¬â¢ve got to do it yourself. The people should know what they want and learn to voice it out. There will be much response from the administrative body if there is a unified cry. The people should be better informed when it comes to the current problems as well as know how can they break down the existing barriers that obstruct their way in leading a better life. The Degree of Risk People may resort to unnecessary means such as violence and brainwashing just to be heard, distorting the truth and forgetting the real aim of the cause. Small problems become big when misunderstandings and hearsay from unreliable sources (e. g. hearsay and liberal media) accumulate. The Internal and External Environmental Strengths and Weaknesses In this manner, it is all up to the individual of whether he will give response to the ones happening in his environment. There will be a push and pull effect of the truth from the biased. The Ability of the Organization to Respond to Risks An individual by nature is a social being. Americans are well capable of distinguishing which are or which are not to trust. In the end, the experiences that they will gain will guide them through these undertakings and they themselves will know what is true that will in turn help them to decide. Willingness to Commit to Organizational Enhancement There had been a lot of reliable and accessible publications that describes the truth on what is happening to our system. More and more people are now aware of the existing discrepancies and will meet up to the challenge of providing as system that will work for all. The Barriers To Organizational Effectiveness Repressive reports and biased opinions for the sake of personal gain and protection would shatter the cause to spread out the truth to the public creating a much confused and disorganized community. References Gumbel A. (2007). Sicko? The truth about the US healthcare system. Independent News. Retrieved January 22, 2008 from http://news. independent. co. uk/world/americas Kao-Ping Chua. (2006). Overview of the U. S. Health Care System. AMSA Jack Rutledge Fellow. Retrieved January 22, 2008 from www. amsa. org/uhc/HealthCareSystemOverview. pdf Serber M. and A. Gauthier. (2005). A Need to Transform the US Healthcare System; Improving Access, Quality and Efficiency. Retrieved January 22, 2008 from http://www. commonwealthfund. org/publications/publications_show. htm? doc_id=302833 The US Healthcare System: The Best in the World or Just the Most Expensive? (2001) Bureau of Labor Education. Retrieved January 22, 2008 from dll. umaine. edu/ble/U. S. %20HCweb. pdf William S. Andereck. (2006). Modest proposal: health insurance for every person Drop Medicare, Medicaid and costly insurance. http://www. sfgate. com/cgi-bin/article. cgi? file=/chronicle/archive/2006/08/06/ING9HKAN4E1. DTL. (December 26, 2007). How to cite American Health Insurance, Papers
The debate between Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. Dubois turned out to be one of the greatest intellectual as well as inspiring battles in our United States history. This great debate sparked the interest of African Americans and whites throughout the entire country. Both men had distinct views on how blacks should go about progressing politically, socially, as well as financially here in the United States. Both Du Bois and Washington wanted African-Americans to have the same rights as white Americans; But Du Bois encouraged African-Americans to demand equal rights, while Washington, on the other hand, often ignored discrimination. He believed that it was important for blacks to develop good relationships with whites because He was afraid that blacks who demanded equal rights would create bitterness between themselves and white Americans. Dubois ridiculed Mr. WashingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s tactics believing WashingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s accommodations program asked blacks to give up political power, insistence on civil rights, and higher education for Negro youth. We will write a custom essay sample on Debate between booker T and dubois or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Although Bois was ridiculed by these tactics he still respected him he says Ã¢â¬Å"Among his own people, however, Mr. Washington has encountered the strongest and most lasting opposition, amounting at times to bitterness, and even today continuing strong and insistent even though largely silenced in outward expression by the public opinion of the nation. Some of this opposition is, of course, mere envy; the disappointment of displaced demagogues and the spite of narrow mindsÃ¢â¬ (W. E. B Dubois 3) While their strategy may have differed, both of these remarkable men had a common goal in the uplift of the black community. Born into slavery on April 5, 1856 Booker T. Washington would become an educator, author, and before his passing one of the most influential leaders during his time. Mr. Washington views for social, economic and political growth differed immensely from his counterpart w. e. b Dubois. Unlike Washington web Dubois grew up free in a community that was relatively tenant and integrated, he would become the first African American to graduate with a doctorate from Harvard University. Booker did not believe having equal rights was a necessity evident by the Atlanta compromise speech Washington says In all things purely social we can be as separate as the five fingers, and yet one as the hand in all things essential to mutual progress. (Washington). Booker T. Washington main focus was on having education for real life jobs that he believed would eventually turn African Americans in an economic powerhouse or at least dig themselves out of the financial whole they were already in. He believed by working hard and playing second fiddle to the white man would ultimately give black America the equal rights and respect that they always wanted. WEB Dubois focused on the exact opposite things that of Booker T. Washington. Unlike Washington, Dubois felt that inequality with whites was one of the utmost importance issues facing black America. Dubois demanded for all black citizens to have the right to vote, civic equality, and give our young blacks the right to a proper education. Dubois firmly believed that persistent agitation, political action, and academic education would be the means to achieve full citizenship rights for black Americans. His educational philosophy directly influenced his political approach. He stressed the need for liberal arts training because he believed that in order for blacks to obtain leadership skills was through education at a college. One of the biggest disagreements in philosophies between the two men was over the issue of black suffrage. In terms of voting, Dubois believed that agitating for the ballot was necessary, but opposed giving the vote to the uneducated blacks. He believed that economic gains were not secure unless there was political power to safeguard them. Washington, on the other hand, felt that the right to vote was not a necessity and the only thing that would come out of protesting for voting rights is the irritation of whites. In conclusion, the debate between W. E. B Dubois and Washington was nothing short of remarkable and genius. Although both men had two separate ways about doing things they both shared the same common goal, which was bettering the lives of African Americans. In my opinion, W. E.Ã B Dubois plan to go strongly for African American rights and equality was the better strategy. Not only did he help bring us together but he gave blacks a sense of self confidence that they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t possess before. For once blacks believed not only can you be as good as the white man but better. While some may agree that Mr. WashingtonÃ¢â¬â¢s plan to endure the second citizenship title was only degrading and keeping the black man down. Although Washington had honorable goals Dubois gave the people a strong sense of empowerment and worthiness that has helped the black race grows into what it is today.
Sunday, May 3, 2020
Question: Discuss about theEthics and Sustainability for Mass Media. Answer: Introduction Mass media is an industry which helps the organization to communicate to the audience on a whole. It is a diversified form of technologies which helps in interacting with large number of people at a time. Mass media includes radio, television, digital media, print media etc. Further it should be noted that mass media is an important way through which companies communicate with people (Macnamara, Lwin, Adi, and Zerfass, 2016). So, ethics is an important part of this industry as companies present in this industry needs to comply with rule in order to circulate information to public. The purpose of this task is to provide a brief overview about the ethical issues connect with the mass media industry and impact of activities of different stakeholders in the industry. Further it also talks about the alternative solutions which should be considered while solving an issue. More details about the task are discussed below: Ethical issues in mass media industry Paid news and Clickbaits: Now days, different organizations and people pay a handsome amount to media channels and newspapers to publish information about them in the market. This creates value identification of these people which make them famous and helps them in earning money as well. This is poor technique to present information in the environment; also it is an unethical measure to promote some immaterial information among people. The organizations circulate uncensored information which hampers the image of people and adversely affect the environment as well. The information shared in media should be pure and it should not harm the goodwill of any person (Kamenova, Ravitsky, McMullin, and Caulfield, 2016). Like, Columbia Journalism Review highlighted the online magine Slant that pays $100 per month, plus $5 for every 500 clicks on their stories (Frampton 2015). Plagiarism: No organization in the media industry should copy the information from other competitors. This act is being done in the industry with an aim to defame the name of other organization. Plagiarism is an unethical act which should be prevented by all organization present in the environment. One such example is of News Corp Australia when they accused Daily Mail for copying the news about the best dress a woman can own. Corrupted content: the only source to get information in the society is through mass media, so if the organizations present in this tamper the information and present it to people then it can harm the interest of many people. As discussed above, the information circulated should be pure, corrupted information can change the mindset of people which create a loss for the parties involved in the news as the US election fake news become a big issue for involved parties. Also nowadays organizations make poor coverage of important issues which diverts the focus of people from the core issue (Neill, and Weaver 2017). Profits are the main focus: Profits has become the main focus of organization in this industry. Companies spread information in the market with a motive to earn money not to tell people about the issue. Serving people and telling truth should be the foremost motive of companies in the industry. Every other organization can become an example under this case as all organization do so. Impact on different stakeholders in mass media industry Newsmaker: The newsmaker or journalists are the most important stakeholder present in the industry as they create information which is being shared with the people worldwide. If the journalists while making information include their point of view then it might change the whole information, so it important for newsmaker to be unbiased while creating information. Also the source through which the information is received to the journalists should be reliable (Eagle, Bird, Spotswood, and Tapp 2015). Like, newsmakers get influenced with the fake information received from social media which further distracts general public. Media scholars: These are those people who train employees to become a journalist and create news. These people should adequately teach the employees the correct ways and ethical code of conduct which should be followed while creating news stories. Social media has become a famous tool to spread news, so the bloggers and agencies should spread authentic information in the market. Media Owners: People read news by brands, the brand which is renowned in environment, people only look read news written by them and believe they are authentic. The not-so-famous newspapers and websites are not read by people and even after reading it they do not rely on them. So, it is important for the media owners to lay a strict control on their employees so that they do not share unauthentic information (Moor 2017). Tampered news under this case may make media owners to face legal penalties like Daily Mail was being warned. Media Users: These are those people who use media to attain resourceful information. The whole industry works according to the preference of these people. People search for information which they want to see, so the information shared in the market is based on the discretion of media users (Christians, et. al., 2015). Through corrupted content media users get negatively influenced which affects them mentally as well. Different alternatives for addressing the issue The censor board should prior focus on the content which is being displayed to the audience is true or not. They should take proactive measures to solve the ethics related to the case. Also they should secure the information and at the same time spread news which is important for the society. The transparency International 2016 also stated that there is lack of transparency in the professional standards and work. The government should take the charge to impose heavy penalty on media organizations which circulate wrong message in the environment. The organizations should be liable to civil code of conduct (Paxson 2018). Companies present in the industry should themselves take the charge to provide authentic and resourceful information which should not harm the interest of any person. Also they should not leak any price sensitive information without their permission. No company should own the whole media industry as well. Manipulation of media practices should be controlled and people should not trust the news with closed eyes. The media users should always look for the source from when news is received to them. The sources should be authentic (Poutanen, Luoma-Aho, and Suhanko 2016). Like the HSBC fraud on Britains newspaper, so people should trust with blind eyes. Conclusion and Recommendation Thus, in the limelight of above mentioned events it should be noted that mass media is important industry which can affect the working of many other industries. It is important that the people present in this industry should formulate the ethical code of conduct in order to provide authentic and resourceful information to the consumers. Awareness among public is the best way to stop the media manipulation and other unethical activities. As consumers are the king pin of this market so the companies show information which is viewed by them. So, if people do not use the information which has an unauthentic source then the organizations will automatically stop using unethical activities. Further, the censor board and government of every country should also look after the information which in being circulated is ethical or not (Hanson 2016). The censor board should monitor the information and the government should monitor the activities of company present in the environment, the government should also issue notice regarding the ethics in industry. (Bivins 2017). This is the best techniques to the unethical practices present in the market. If all the stakeholders present in the industry take it as their responsibility to circulate use ethical source to view authentic information, then these practices will end soon. References Bivins, T., 2017.Mixed media: Moral distinctions in advertising, public relations, and journalism. Routledge. Christians, C.G., Fackler, M., Richardson, K., Kreshel, P. and Woods, R.H., 2015.Media ethics: Cases and moral reasoning. Routledge. Eagle, L., Bird, S., Spotswood, F. and Tapp, A., 2015. Ethical Dimensions of Social Marketing Does Trying to do Good Equate to Doing No Harm?. InMarketing in Transition: Scarcity, Globalism, Sustainability(pp. 431-436). Springer, Cham. Frampton, B., 2015. ClickBait: the changing face of online journalism [online]. Available at https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-34213693. Accessed on March 24, 2018. Hanson, R.E., 2016.Mass communication: Living in a media world. Sage Publications. Kamenova, K., Ravitsky, V., McMullin, S. and Caulfield, T., 2016. Media portrayal of non-invasive prenatal testing: a missing ethical dimension.JCOM,15(02), p.A03. Macnamara, J., Lwin, M., Adi, A. and Zerfass, A., 2016. PESOmedia strategy shifts to SOEP: Opportunities and ethical dilemmas. Public Relations Review, 42(3), pp.377-385. Moor, L., 2017. Spreadable media: creating value and meaning in a networked culture. Neill, M.S. and Weaver, N., 2017. Silent unprepared: Most millennial practitioners have not embraced role as ethical conscience.Public Relations Review,43(2), pp.337-344. Paxson, P., 2018.Mass communications and media studies: An introduction. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. Poutanen, P., Luoma-Aho, V. and Suhanko, E., 2016. Ethical challenges of hybrid editors.International Journal on Media Management,18(2), pp.99-116. Transparency International, 2016. Anti-Corruption Helpdesk [online]. Available at https://www.transparency.org/files/content/corruptionqas/Good_practices_in_media_transparency_2016.pdf Accessed on March 24, 2018.